Impact Of Information And Communication Technologies On Distance Learning Programmes

Education is a veritable tool for the emancipation of peoples from ignorance, poverty and deprivation. The issue of providing access to education through distance learning has therefore, gained unprecedented prominence. There is no doubt that, distance education is gradually finding its’ way through a competitive terrain by providing suitable alternative solutions to the ever growing needs of the world, particularly in the developing countries. It thus provides easy access to education. Human capital development objectives are not possible solely through the conventional Face-to-Face mode. The distance education process is an effective supplementary and complementary initiative to create wider accessibility to quality tertiary education. Distance Learning has the potential of making education accessible to marginalized students in all countries. It is a cost effective way for students to meet their families’ financial, social and educational commitments.

The use of technology in education is one of the major trends in educational reforms all over the world. Integrating technology into teaching and learning is a process widely perceived as a great asset in the reforms.

Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT’s) assist the achievement of distance learning faster especially because it is provided on-line. The essence of the concept of distance learning is the mode of instructional delivery to its students from a distance whereby the teacher and the learners are separated from one another most of the time, except during short contact sessions on few occasions. It is this essence that informs the increasing level of importance being given to it because it thus creates access to education for many who would have otherwise not had such opportunities. ICT’s include print media, audio-visual method, multimedia or interaction television, cable, microwave, satellite lineages and fibre optics.

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT’s) have positive impact on this mode learning. In this article I explain two of these effects.

Firstly, the digital teacher can deliver knowledge to students in mixed media (a blend of paper, USB sticks, DVD, e-books etc), interact with students synchronously via videoconferencing, and asynchronously via e-mail, efficient facilitator to scores of students using appropriate mix/blend of technologies and media including social networks such as Facebook, and Twitter. The lecturer can also chat with students online and offline. He/She can exploit the potentials of Mobile learning (M-learning) via SMS texts- bulk or group SMS, closed user groups (CUGs) and Phone links.

Secondly, television and video recording have a great influence on distance education. These technologies with personal computer and internet have reinvented the way students learn at a distance and aided the development of virtual classrooms and libraries. Students can view recorded lectures in form of CDs and DVDs hence,they don’t have to worry about missing any live interactions. It also reinforces understanding as the learners can go through the content taught at their own convenience.

From these impacts, technologies should therefore be properly integrated into distance education to widen its scope in order to strengthen the capacity of providers to meet the needs of its clientele.

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Information and Communication Technology – VoIP

Black Telephones And Writing Pads

VoIP communication and information technology are fast becoming a must in the corporate and business enterprises of today’s market. The world and its industries are progressing, functioning and overpowering each other at break neck speed. Today’s technology is so powerful that a human brain is unable to keep up with the incredible feats accomplished by different programmes available. If a person writes a letter in America to their spouse in China, the letter is received instantly via email. Twenty years ago, there would have been no option but to send by post, telegram, or pay a fortune and send it via a courier company. In the past, technology moved, but not at speed. One of the key elements in the spread of knowledge and practice concerning information and new findings is thanks to communication and the subsequent progression in that area of technology. Twenty years ago a telegram was incomprehensibly quick; a pioneer of science and the progression of the world’s technological genius. A telegram used in today’s business enterprise would lose a company its clients due to being slow.

For corporate and business enterprises, staying at the helm of new technology related to communication and information is paramount to their success. If two companies are competing in an aggressive market, it is obvious that the company to deliver solutions on a faster scale will be the more successful. Keeping ahead of the times in terms of current events, new methods and practices is also a fundamental part of the success behind a company. Communication technology allows this success to happen, by delivering the information quickly and in time for planning and reaction. The catch 22 which faces businesses and corporations however, is having to pay exorbitant rates and fees for premium technology. Emails, faxes, high speed internet connection, international phone calls, video conferencing and other aspects of communication in a modern company are needed without question, yet manage to build up quite a bill of expenses.

A Solution With Results

What is the solution for the choice between expenses or bad technology? Voice over internet protocol (abbreviated to VoIP) is technology which enables users to transmit information over a broadband internet connection. Basically put, VoIP allows users to call, email, fax, conference call and much more over a high speed internet connection. The best part? Since the lines used are internet connections, the rates payable are extremely reasonable. Due to the internet being as worldwide commodity, a call from New York to Hamburg will cost the same as a call from London to Manchester – because the calls are made using the high speed broadband connection, unlike telephone line to telephone line.

Companies and corporations using VoIP services and internet protocol telephony have the ability to keep up with current trends in information and communication technology and can also keep up to speed with competing companies. As aforementioned, every second counts in the corporate environment, especially concerning competing markets. VoIP allows companies to be ahead of their game, finding information, making communication and basically being able to run their business more efficiently and practically. Everyone knows the results of an efficient and competent company: happy staff and most importantly, happy clients.

A company looking to make a step forward from the rest of their competitors, or perhaps a company who feel they are not as up to standard as other companies in terms of their service and reliability would benefit immensely from using VoIP communication and information technology. The benefits are extraordinary and the prices are low, the perfect combination for any successful company and workforce.

Teaching Foreign Languages in the Context of Information and Communication Technologies

Teaching foreign languages should always be a creative process. We are constantly tapping into new ideas, monitoring trends, pursuing best practices and researching the latest developments concerning the use of information technologies in our teaching practice.

Generally speaking technology can be used in order to acquire necessary digital skills, enhance access for learning, engage learners and enable students to learn regardless of their location.

In teaching foreign languages the use of information and Communication technologies is of great importance because they help to achieve the concrete aims, help to make some topic comprehensive and make communication effective. But of course curriculum design and its implementation should be taken into account.

As professor of Instructional Systems technology at Indiana University Curtis J. Bonk has said “we are experiencing ten key learning technology trends across the planet that are opening access to both formal and informal education”. These trends are:

1. Web searching in the world of e-books
2. E-learning and blended learning
3. Availability of open source and free software
4. Leveraged resources
5. Learning Object repositories and Portals
6. Learner participation in Open Information Communities
7. Electronic Collaboration and Interaction
8. Alternative Reality learning
9. Real-time mobility
10. Networks of personalized learning

The number of instructors, teachers, professors and students affected by online course practices and activities has grown tremendously. Teachers of foreign languages pay great attention to the blended learning that has advantages of both face-to-face and online methods.

Blended and e-learning has been a key aspect at Moscow State University of economics, statistics and informatics, Russia, which, for example, uses the system of virtual camp based on the program Share Point that is aimed to build the process of communication distantly especially with students who can’t attend the real lessons.

This virtual camp has several main parts that are all incorporated into the process of learning of all students:

1) The use of forum where students can practice written communication and discuss problematic things
2) calendar
3) The list of materials necessary to understand a topic
4) The list of web links
5) The list of necessary books
6) The function to send tasks and to write commentaries
7) Testing system

This system of e-learning education helps us control the work of students; they can get advice about how to do this or that task. Besides, with Share Point the composition of teamwork continues to be expanded.
But at the same time in teaching languages we try to concentrate on different ways of creativity and communicative approach. In this case three basic conditions take place:

1. We must have something that we want to communicate
2. We must have someone to communicate with
3. We must have some interest in the outcome of communication.

That is why we are inclined to search for new methods based on the use of ICT in order to arouse and keep students’ interest to the communication in the English language.

For example while teaching the practice of translation we use the American site Dot Sub where one can create subtitles to any video passage. This kind of work teaches students to listen to the foreign speech attentively and to think of the possible and correct ways of translation. They can work independently or in pairs and after that demonstrate their video with the subtitles. All students assess the work of each other elaborating rubrics for evaluating different kinds of group work.

For the lessons of speech communication we use different kinds of blogs that help students form their thoughts, teach them to use good written English and besides it’s a way of public communication because their opinions can be read by anyone else.

To make a process of teaching general linguistics more interesting and engage students in different kinds of tasks we created a WIKI for which students should find interesting information about foreign and national linguists and their achievements and add and edit pages.

During the seminars connected with general linguistics students should participate in the Web quest that includes such parts as search of necessary information, analyzing it, writing a scientific article, group discussion and final debates.

It seems interesting for us to use the possibilities of Second Life reality because we suppose that it is a highly visual instructional platform that can be used for revising studying any topic. For example, studying the topic of art it’s possible to give virtual tours of architecture or walk into and become part of famous paintings. Any courses where writing and also communication are key parts can be implemented into Second life environments.

When it’s necessary for students to find out the opinions of people of different nationalities and generalize information about mentality they can get a task to use different sites used for communication with other people and after that tell before the audience about their experience and analyze the positive and negative sides of such kind of communication.

In conclusion it’s necessary to stress that the use of ICT in our educational process influence positively on the effectiveness of lessons and develop the following skills:

-the skills of team-work;
– the ability to create something for a short period of time;
-the skills of critical thinking;
-the skills of a professional written speech as the creation of articles in wiki, for example;
-listening skills as the creation of subtitles, for example.

Importance of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) In Our Daily Life

Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has an important role in the world since we are now in the information age era. With ICT, the company can make the business easier to happen with the client, supplier and the distributor. It is also very important in our daily lives. The lack of appropriate information at the right time will result in low productivity, low quality research works, and waste of time to pursue information and even to do research which actually others had done or in other countries. Nowadays ICT cannot be separated with our daily needs.

ICT has a great impact in our daily lives. For example, we can read our local newspaper using the online newspaper. Another example is we still can get connected with our family, relatives, or colleagues even if we are abroad by using the electronic mail, yahoo messenger, call conference, or video conference.

Digital computer and networking has changed our economy concept to the economy with no boundary in time and space because of ICT. It brings a lot of advantages for economic development enabling millions of transactions to happen in an easy and fast way.

ICT is one of the economic development pillars to gain national competitive advantage. It can improve the quality of human life because it can be used as a learning and education media, the mass communication media in promoting and campaigning practical and important issues, such as the health and social area. It provides wider knowledge and can help in gaining and accessing information.

ICT has become an integral part of everyday life for many people. It increases its importance in people’s lives and it is expected that this trend will continue, to the extent that ICT literacy will become a functional requirement for people’s work, social, and personal lives.

The use of ICT in education add value in teaching and learning, by enhancing the effectiveness of learning, or by adding a dimension to learning that was not previously available. ICT may also be a significant motivational factor in students’ learning, and can support students’ engagement with collaborative learning.

Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is basically our society’s efforts to teach its current and emerging citizens valuable knowledge and skills around computing and communications devices, software that operates them, applications that run on them and systems that are built with them.

As a matter of fact, we are living in a constantly evolving digital world. ICT has an impact on nearly every aspect of our lives – from working to socializing, learning to playing. The digital age has transformed the way young people communicate, network, seek help, access information and learn. We must recognize that young people are now an online population and access is through a variety of means such as computers, TV and mobile phones.

It is in this premise that educational technology and e-learning is taught in or out of the classroom since educational technology is used by learners and educators in homes, schools, businesses, and other settings.

This article showcases the importance of information and communication technology in our daily lives.

Information and Communication Technologies – What Are They and Why Are They Important?

ICT is an abbreviation that means “Information and Communications Technology” (or technologies). This is a blanket term that refers to many forms of communication. ICT in society might include television, cellular telephones, satellites, radio, computer software, computer hardware and many others.

Basically, any form of moving information from one place to another could be considered a kind of ICT, but it generally refers to systems that use electronics, computers or other forms of modern technology. It is a term heard more often outside the US, and often is used in reference to a particular area such as: “ICT’s in education or healthcare.”

In our modern world, we are using these technologies every day in so many ways and it is very easy to take them for granted. Like the light bulbs in our houses, we seldom stop to think about how amazing it is that we can walk into a dark room and flip on a light switch. However, like the complex system of power stations, wires and amazing devices that bring us electric power, the ability for us to communicate so quickly and effectively requires and amazing amount of knowledge, resources and time to implement.

We have a whole world of information at our fingertips through the power of the World Wide Web, television and radio, as well as the ability to reach out to another person nearly anywhere in the world through the amazing advances of telecommunications. These technologies are absolutely essential to the operation of our modern culture, illustrated by the fact that I am writing and you are reading this via the most profound of Information and Communication Technologies: the computer.

Not everyone is so lucky, however. These essential tools to our modern existence that we so take for granted are not present everywhere. There are entire nations that are still struggling socially, politically and financially, and these places lack the resources to make full use of these modern wonders. For nations looking to join modern society and thrive in the global community, these Information and Communication Technologies must be understood, implemented and used effectively. Development through ICTs is one of the most effective ways for nations to join the global community.

Of course as you can well imagine, that takes a lot of support from experts who are already doing this in other places. This is where organizations like the Global e-schools and Communities Initiative comes in.

GeSCI was established in 2004, founded by the UN ICT Task Force. The United Nations ICT task force approved a proposal for a UN affiliated organization to provide demand-driven assistance to developing countries seeking to utilize the tremendous potential ICT’s have for improving the quality of teaching and learning in primary and secondary education.

These types of organizations are doing amazing things to bring these essential tools to our neighbors around the globe. Resources that are easily taken for granted are recognized by the founders of these kinds of task forces to be rare and crucial in other parts of the world. They are dedicated to helping everyone who wants to catch up, and join the global conversation.